Addressing the Needs of Students who are Chronically Absent from School


By: Chris Woolard

The end of August is always a bittersweet time of year as the end of summer combines with the excitement and nervousness of a new school year. I still get butterflies, and I know how anxious my own kids are for the new challenges ahead. My three are so excited about going to school (maybe not so much the earlier alarm clock), but they are ready to go.

One issue that has been getting more attention, not only in Ohio but nationally, is the importance of addressing the needs of students who miss a significant amount of school. It may be common sense that students need to be in school, but data and research is starting to add much more insight into just how important it is. Students are missing more and more instructional time, and it’s having a very real impact on the way that our students are able to learn, grow and be successful.

Every day can’t feel like that first day, but every day is still important

Chronic absence is more than just attendance, as it focuses on students who miss a significant amount of instruction. In Ohio, we define it as students who miss more than 10 percent of the days in a school year. This adds up. It could be two days of every month or longer stretches throughout the year, but regardless, that translates into big chunks of missed instructional time. A student who habitually misses a day here and there but adds up to 20 days over the course of a year may have much different needs than a student who misses three straight weeks of school. This makes it a challenge for students to keep up and for teachers to be able to keep pace. Chronically absent students are less likely to be readers in the early grades and less likely to graduate. In some parts of our state, nearly one-third of students are chronically absent.

There are many reasons why students are chronically absent beyond just illness — bullying, homelessness and other family situations to name a few. But there are many more reasons why students may not be regularly present in school. These are serious issues that require community efforts across sectors to address.

Across the country, many schools and organizations are coordinating efforts to help communities address their unique concerns. There are some fantastic examples of schools working with community partners to provide dental clinics, after-school programs and mental health services. Cleveland’s recent campaign included support from the Cleveland Browns and focused on students who were missing a few days of school per month.

The U.S. Department of Education recently released a toolkit to help guide the conversation with health care providers, juvenile justice authorities, nonprofits and other community partners. Attendance Works is a project working with many states and districts to help develop proactive strategies. Its effort to call attention to these issues through September Attendance Awareness month includes many resources and promotional materials.

What can communities do? Attendance Works has created a list of 10 things communities can do to help address chronic absenteeism. But it starts with making sure that school attendance is a priority for your own children. You also can get involved in your neighborhood schools and see what they need. Help students find ways to connect school to their passions. Volunteer as a mentor, support a club or offer to drive a carpool in your neighborhood. Every school is unique and will have different needs, but the common thread is that the school should be a place where students are safe, supported and engaged in classroom instruction.

As a parent, I know how disruptive it is to our family schedule when one my kids misses a day or two of school and the work that goes into getting back to our routine. As a state, we want all Ohio students to be ready for success when they graduate from our schools. With data, we can understand some of the factors that can be hurdles for that goal. Chronic absence is one of those hurdles. We are looking closely at the data to better understand how many students are chronically absent, why they are chronically absent and what we can do to get them back in class.

Chris Woolard is senior executive director for Accountability and Continuous Improvement for the Ohio Department of Education. You can learn more about Chris by clicking here.

Lisa Hopkins
My child is currently suffering from anxiety and depression. He has had to see several different doctors, psychiatrist, therapists, and had many tests. He's also having blackout and dizzy spells, he has blacked out at school twice now. The school is already on me about his attendance but yet they tell me he is a, liability when he's on school property. What am I supposed to do,? I've got all of his Drs. notes, even requested homework (which they didn't even bother together for me). I don't understand. Things seemed so different when I was in school.
5/1/2018 1:01:24 PM

Jamie Kaercher
I was the lucky recipient of a letter from the school today, notifying me that I now have a meeting scheduled with the principal because my daughter has missed too much school. All of my daughter's absences are excused, and all but 2 had a doctor's slip. She caught the flu and also strep this year, plus a few random legit illnesses. She works hard and maintains straight A's, is a pleasure to have in class per teacher's remarks, but has a genetic condition and does get sick a lot. These are NOT the kids and parents they need to be going after! Public schools will lose students because they will enroll in e-school or traditional homeschool, if the family lifestyle permits it--mine does :) Then they will be complaining about losing funding and it will be their own fault.
4/27/2018 4:55:15 PM

Brittany Miracle
Thank you for your comment. The Ohio Legislature enacted House Bill 410 to encourage schools to take a preventative and supportive approach to absenteeism. House Bill 410 includes excused absences as part of the excessive absence thresholds, but does not limit the number of excused absences a student can have in a year. If a student accumulates 38 hours in a month or 65 hours in a year of excused or unexcused absences, the school should notify the family in writing and offer supportive interventions to encourage regular attendance. Districts set their local attendance policies and may determine a limited number of absences to be excused without a doctor’s note. Please feel free to contact me directly at if you have further questions or concerns. Thank you!

Brittany Miracle, Ohio Department of Education
4/26/2018 11:25:57 AM

Frustrated Parent
I don't know what dream world these lawmakers live in, but in my real world, young kids get sick. A lot. We don't have anything chronic, but there is always something going around — stomach virus, pink eye, strep throat, flu, cold, you name it. The school tells me not to send my child with a fever or vomiting, and then to wait 24 hours to return, so I do. Child gets one of these very common childhood illnesses every couple months, so we hit the ten day limit. He's also scoring exceptionally high on standardized tests and working nearly four full grades ahead.

Kids get sick. Leave people alone and focus on quality instead.
4/20/2018 12:02:18 AM

I have 2 kiddos who both have high medical needs. They both would be considered “excessive absence” because ALL are documented with a doctor note deeming these appointments. What about these kiddos? Mine aren’t the only ones out there. ODE why are letting these schools drag these parents into school for this and call us bad parents for taking our kiddos to the doctor! Really why? Does ODE always penalize the sick kiddos?
1/29/2018 10:03:04 PM

Ebone Holmes
Hello I have an important question. My son had several medical illnesses and they cause him to miss alot of school these are very well documented and every year the doctor sends a letter to the school explain the reason for this and to expect it. His medical record also reflects that these excessive ilnesses come on between august and june when school is out. I have multiple times asked the administration about cleaning procedures because my son is constantly sick. This qualifies as excessive truancy however he has a valid medical excuse for all of these absences so what can be done for a genuinely sick student who is begging punished for being sick? Thank you for your time.
11/9/2017 10:55:22 AM

Wendy Foucart
I have a gifted and talented son that is chronically absent. He thinks school is too repetitive. He skipped 8th grade which helped, but he quickly slipped back into absenteeism after the newness and challenge wore off again. We struggle every year. He is still at the top of his accelerated class even with the absences. Where do students like this fit in the equation? The letters will be coming soon...
8/28/2016 9:01:26 PM

Leave message

 Security code