Programs Administered Under ESEA

Programs Administered Under ESEA

For further Ohio Department of Education Guidance on the Programs listed below, please visit the Document Library.

Maintenance of Effort webinar recording (May 15, 2017)

The Ohio Department of Education and the Ohio Association of School Business Officials hosted an hour-long session focused on the requirements of the Maintenance of Effort (MOE) for ESEA and IDEA. Please email questions to

Title I Part A- Disadvantaged Youth

Title I, Part A (Title I) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, as amended (ESEA) provides financial assistance to local educational agencies (LEAs) and schools with high numbers or high percentages of children from low-income families to help ensure that all children meet challenging state academic standards.

Title I School Improvement (G)

School Improvement Grants (SIG), authorized under section 1003(g) of Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (Title I or ESEA), are grants to State educational agencies (SEAs) that SEAs use to make competitive subgrants to local educational agencies (LEAs) that demonstrate the greatest need for the funds and the strongest commitment to use the funds to provide adequate resources in order to raise substantially the achievement of students in their lowest-performing schools.

Title ID- Neglected and Delinquent

The Part D, Subpart 1, State Agency Neglected and Delinquent (N and D) program provides formula grants to State educational agencies (SEAs) for supplementary education services to help provide education continuity for children and youths in state-run institutions for juveniles and in adult correctional institutions so that these youths can make successful transitions to school or employment once they are released. Funds are allocated by formula to SEAs, which make subgrants to the state agencies responsible for educating neglected or delinquent children and youths. To be eligible for state N and D funds, juvenile institutions must provide 20 hours a week of instruction from nonfederal funds; adult correctional institutions must provide 15 hours. The Subpart 2 Local Education Agency Program requires each SEA to reserve from its Title I, Part A, allocation, funds generated by the number of children in locally operated institutions for delinquent youths. Funds are awarded to local educational agencies (LEAs) with high proportions of youths in local correctional facilities to support dropout prevention programs for at-risk youths.

Title IIA- Improving Teacher Quality

The purpose of the program is to increase academic achievement by improving teacher and principal quality. This program is carried out by: increasing the number of highly qualified teachers in classrooms; increasing the number of highly qualified principals and assistant principals in schools; and increasing the effectiveness of teachers and principals by holding local educational agencies (LEAs) and schools accountable for improvements in student academic achievement.

Title III- English Learners

This program is designed to improve the education of English Learners (EL) children and youths by helping them learn English and meet challenging state academic content and student academic achievement standards. The program provides enhanced instructional opportunities for immigrant children and youths. Funds are distributed to states based on a formula that takes into account the number of immigrant and EL students in each state.  States must develop annual measurable achievement objectives for EL students that measure their success in achieving English language proficiency and meeting challenging state academic content and achievement standards. Schools use the funds to implement language instruction educational programs designed to help EL students achieve these standards.

Title IV B- Nita M. Lowey 21st Century Community Learning Centers

This program supports the creation of community learning centers that provide academic enrichment opportunities during non-school hours for children, particularly students who attend high-poverty and low-performing schools. The program helps students meet state and local student standards in core academic subjects, such as reading and math; offers students a broad array of enrichment activities that can complement their regular academic programs; and offers literacy and other educational services to the families of participating children.         

Title IC- Migrant Education

Funds support high quality education programs for migratory children and help ensure that migratory children who move among the states are not penalized in any manner by disparities among states in curriculum, graduation requirements, or state academic content and student academic achievement standards. 

Title V B - Rural Education

The purpose of the program is to provide financial assistance to rural districts to assist them in meeting the state’s challenging academic standards. Applicants do not compete but rather are entitled to funds if they meet basic eligibility requirements. Eligibility is restricted by statute.  Awards are issued annually to State educational agencies (SEAs), which make subgrants to local educational agencies (LEAs) that meet the applicable requirements.

Title VII B- McKinney Vento Homeless Children and Youth

Formula grants are made to states based on the state’s share of Title I, Part A, funds. Among other things, the program supports an office for coordination of the education of homeless children and youths in each state, which gathers comprehensive information about homeless children and youths and the impediments they must overcome to regularly attend school. These grants also help State educational agencies (SEAs) ensure that homeless children, including preschoolers and youths, have equal access to free and appropriate public education (FAPE). States must review and revise laws and practices that impede such equal access. States are required to have an approved plan for addressing problems associated with the enrollment, attendance, and success of homeless children in school. States must make competitive subgrants to LEAs to facilitate the enrollment, attendance, and success in school of homeless children and youths. This includes addressing problems due to transportation needs, immunization and residency requirements, lack of birth certificates and school records, and guardianship issues.

Last Modified: 12/3/2020 8:57:56 AM