Kindergarten Readiness Assessment FAQs - For Teachers

Components of the New Kindergarten Readiness Assessment Revised

The Kindergarten Readiness Assessment Revised and Other Early Learning Educational Requirements

Administering the Kindergarten Readiness Assessment Revised

Professional Development, Trainings and Qualifications


Components of the New Kindergarten Readiness Assessment Revised

The Kindergarten Readiness Assessment Revised and Other Early Learning Educational Requirements

    What is the purpose of the Kindergarten Readiness Assessment?
    Ohio’s KRA-R measures school readiness aligned to Ohio’s Early Learning and Development Standards (birth to kindergarten) and is intended to be used by teachers to improve outcomes for all kindergarten children enrolled in public or community schools. The purpose of the KRA-R is to provide information to stakeholders at the local, regional and state levels about how well-prepared children are for kindergarten.
     

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    Which children are assessed on the Kindergarten Readiness Assessment Revised?
    Public school districts and community schools must administer the Kindergarten Readiness Assessment Revised to all first-time kindergarteners, even those who might qualify for the alternate assessment in later grades. This is a formative assessment that gives teachers great insight into what a student knows and can do. Only children entering kindergarten for the first time are required to be assessed. Do not administer the KRA-R to any student retained in kindergarten. The retained Kindergartners will need to be administered either the state-developed reading diagnostic for Kindergarten or one of the approved vendor diagnostics to meet the requirement for the Third Grade Reading Guarantee.

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    How does the assessment relate to the Third Grade Reading Guarantee?

    The Language and Literacy portion of the new assessment can be used to meet the Kindergarten diagnostic requirement for the Third Grade Reading Guarantee, if given by November 1. The Language and Literacy area cut score for on track in reading is 263 (scaled-score) and above. If a student scores 262 or below on the Language and Literacy area, the child is not on track for reading on grade level. This score is for the Language and Literacy domain sub score only, not the overall score. To learn more about the Third Grade Reading Guarantee, please review the Third Grade Reading Guarantee Guidance Manual
     

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    Does the Kindergarten Readiness Assessment Revised replace the kindergarten screening requirement?

    No. The assessment does not meet the screening requirement stated in law.

    Districts are still required to screen students for hearing, vision, speech and communications, and health or medical problems and for any developmental disorders in addition to completing the Kindergarten Readiness Assessment Revised.   

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    Does the Kindergarten Readiness Assessment Revised requirement apply to all types of schools or only public schools?

    By law, only public and community schools are required to administer the assessment. 

    Any chartered nonpublic school may elect to administer the Kindergarten Readiness Assessment Revised (KRA-R) to all kindergarten students enrolled in the school. The materials, training and supports are available at no cost to the school who signs an agreement with the Ohio Department of Education. The law does require notifying the Superintendent of Public Instruction of the school’s intent to administer the KRA-R no later than March 31 prior to any school year in which the school will administer the assessment.

    If a chartered nonpublic school would like to use the KRA-R in fall 2020, please complete the questions at the link provided below. This will fulfill the notification requirement. Completing the survey does not commit you to using the KRA-R in classrooms, but it will meet the requirement for notification and begin the next steps. The survey will remain open through March 31, 2020. 

    Chartered Nonpublic Use of KRA Survey 2020

     

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Administering the Kindergarten Readiness Assessment Revised

    What is the administration timeline?

    The administration window is from the first day of school through November 1. The assessment is designed to be administered during and within regular classroom activities, such as center time. A board of education may administer the selected response and performance task items portion of the diagnostic assessment up to two weeks prior to the first day of the school year. 
     
    For districts choosing to use the assessment to meet the Third Grade Reading Guarantee, the language and literacy items must be given by November 1. 
    For students who transfer to a school after November 1, the district must choose another approved tool to meet the Third Grade Reading Guarantee requirement. The Kindergarten Readiness Assessment Revised cannot be administered after November 1.

    For districts choosing to use the assessment to meet the Third Grade Reading Guarantee, the language and literacy items must be given by November 1. 

    For students who transfer to a school after November 1, the district must choose another approved tool to meet the Third Grade Reading Guarantee requirement. The Kindergarten Readiness Assessment Revised cannot be administered after November 1.

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    Can we use a staggered start date model to administer the assessment?

    As long as districts meet the minimum instructional time requirement for the academic year (for all-day Kindergarten, 910 hours, or 455 hours for half-day), they may begin to give the assessment during the staggered start time. However, districts should not expect teachers to complete the entire assessment for any one student during the staggered start window. The assessment should be completed in small increments of time over several weeks.

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    How are students assessed?

    This Welcome to Kindergarten video introduces Ohio's Kindergarten Readiness Assessment. Students are assessed the following ways:

    • Observation - Teachers will use a rubric with three description levels for the skill(s) being measured. 
    • Selected response questions – Teachers have a scripted prompt that could include a story or pictures and a question with answer choices.
    • Performance tasks- These require an action or verbal response from the child in response to a scripted prompt, such as producing a rhyming word.

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    Is there a specific sequence for assessing students?

    There will be a recommended sequence to follow, but teachers will be able to administer the items in any order.

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    Who can administer the assessment?

    Educators administer the assessment but must (1) be employed by the student’s school or district, (2) hold a valid Ohio Department of Education-issued permit, license or certificate, and (3) have successfully completed the required Kindergarten Readiness Assessment training. The department strongly recommends that each student’s primary classroom teacher or another teacher who has regular contact with the student(s) (e.g., an intervention specialist or reading specialist) administer the assessment.

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    How can others provide support to teachers with assessment administration?

    All test administrators must be employees of the school district, hold an Ohio Department of Education-issued license, certificate or permit, AND successfully complete the teacher training.

    Any trained teacher can train a resource teacher or paraeducator as a KRA App Proctor to administer some of the items of the KRA app.

     This "KRA App Proctor" does not need to complete the full KRA teacher training. Instead, the proctor must review and complete the proctor training contained in the Proctor Training and Guidelines document

    Literacy specialists, intervention specialists, Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) teachers and other related services personnel who regularly work with a specific child, would be appropriate test administrators for some or all assessment items. 

    • Example 1: A literacy specialist, who regularly works with Kindergarten students in the classroom and successfully completed the teacher training, could administer the direct assessment language and literacy domain items to all kindergarten students in that building. The teacher of record would need to print the necessary score recording forms for the literacy specialist and input the student scores into the online system. 
    • Example 2: A literacy specialist may assist with scoring observational language and literacy domain items by either leading the class in interactive literacy activities while the regular classroom teacher rates the students on the observational rubrics or vice versa.

    Individuals who do not work regularly with Kindergarten students, such as retired teachers employed by districts as contractors or substitutes may administer the assessment if they meet the requirements above, but it is not recommended. The most appropriate use of these individuals as test administrators would be to have them administer only direct assessment items to students who have not been identified as students with disabilities or English learners.

    District employees who hold an Ohio Department of Education-issued license, permit or certificate who have not completed the teacher training can support teachers with completing the assessments in several other ways:

    • Preparing manipulatives;
    • Teaching the class while the primary classroom teacher administers direct assessment items; and
    • Monitoring children completing technology-administered assessment items.

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    What technological components are required?

    There are three technology components: two for teachers and one for students. Only the technology components for teachers are required. The technology component for students is optional. Detailed technology guidelines are posted on the Ohio Department of Education’s website for teachers, for administrators, on KReady, and on Ohio K12 Help.

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    Does the assessment have to be administered face-to-face at e-schools?

    Yes. Computer-based schools must provide a physical location for statewide tests.  Each internet- or computer-based community school shall provide its students a location within a 50-mile radius of the student's residence at which to complete the statewide achievement and diagnostic assessments.

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    How do I explain the Kindergarten Readiness Assessment Revised to families?

    There are a number of resources for talking with families about the Kindergarten Readiness Assessment that could be used at family visits, orientations, parent-teacher conferences, or sent home.

    Here are a few of these resources that are specifically created to welcome families to kindergarten:  

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Professional Development, Trainings and Qualifications

    What training is required for teachers?

    The 2020 KRA-R training is required for teachers who have not previously completed a KRA training and who will be administering the KRA-R during the 2020-2021 school year. Only kindergarten teachers who have not previously been trained on the KRA should register. Topics covered will include the purpose of the assessment, the structure of the assessment, preparing for administration, using the KReady online technology system, scoring items, test security, administration for students with disabilities, administration for English Learners.

    KRA-R Update for Returning Kindergarten Teachers
    A brief document that outlines the changes for the fall 2020 administration is available in the Ready for Kindergarten online system.  Additionally, an online KRA-R Refresher training will be available later this summer for teachers who have previously completed a KRA training for a prior year administration.  The KRA-R Refresher training will give an overview of how the new assessment is similar and different from the previous version, and will provide a review of content from the full teacher training.  Teachers will not need to register for the KRA-R Refresher training.  It will be posted online and available on-demand.
     

    Training is in STARS and will be added throughout the summer to prepare teachers for the 2020 KRA-R administration. Teachers will need to register in STARS to secure a spot for training. Search using the Keyword term "kra" or "krar".

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    When will the trainings be offered through the Office of Early Learning and School Readiness?

    The KRA-R teacher trainings are facilitated by state trainers from the Office of Early Learning and School Readiness. Educators can search and register for events in STARS using the keyword search term "kra" or "krar". Training events are scheduled now through the end of August and additional dates may be added in September if needed.
     

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    How can I register for a KRA-R training?

    Teachers must register through STARS. It is extremely important that your contact information is correct in STARS and your primary email address is your work email. Search using the keyword search term "kra or krar"

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Last Modified: 7/22/2020 10:45:16 AM