Curriculum and Assessment FAQs

Academic Content Standards

Dual Alignment


Academic Content Standards

    What are content standards?

    Content standards describe the knowledge and skills that students should attain, often called the “what” of “what students should know and be able to do.” They indicate the ways of thinking, working, communicating, reasoning and investigating as well as important and enduring ideas, concepts, issues, dilemmas and knowledge essential to the academic area of study.

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    What are benchmarks?

    Benchmarks are the specific components of the knowledge or skill identified by an academic content, performance or operational standard. A benchmark can be declarative, procedural or contextual in the type of knowledge it describes. Meeting benchmarks can be demonstrating by constructing a response (performance task) or scoring on a test (performance level).

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    What are grade-level indicators?

    Grade-level indicators are the checkpoints that monitor progress toward the benchmarks.

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    How can I use the standards?

    Parents can use the standards to keep track of what their children are learning and to talk to teachers about their children’s academic progress.

    Students can use the standards to monitor their progress towards meeting established learning expectations.

    Find more information about Academic Content Standards.

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Dual Alignment

    What does it mean to be dual aligned?

    A.  The Ohio Department of Education, American Institutes for Research staff and committees of Ohio educators reviewed questions on the third grade Ohio Achievement Assessments and the Ohio Graduation Test, which originally aligned to the 2001-2002 standards. Reviewers decided if a question aligned to one of Ohio’s New Learning Standards. If it did, the question stayed in the test bank for the 2014-2015. If it did not align to a new learning standard, the reviewers deleted the question.

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    How are questions for each test selected?

    A. The dual aligned questions in the tests must meet current blueprint and statistical requirements. Questions do not move from one grade level test to another grade level test.

     

    Science: Questions identified as dual aligned and within the grade band are considered appropriate for the test. To meet the Ohio Graduation Test requirements, the following types of questions will still appear on Ohio Graduation Tests.

    • Earth Science items that are now in grades 7 and 8 in Ohio’s New Learning Standards Earth Science content are not currently in high school Physical Science or Biology courses. Make sure students taking the OGT learn this material.
    • Science Process items will still be on the test.

    Social Studies: The Ohio Graduation Tests for social studies in the future will be dually aligned with the focus on American History and Modern World History. However, in order to maintain the test requirements, or blueprints, of the social studies the Ohio Graduation Test, a few questions from the following 2002 benchmarks on the OGT 2014 -15 and beyond will be on People in Societies A-C; Geography A-C; Economics A-B; Government A-B; Citizens Rights & Responsibilities A-B.

     

    English Language Arts and Mathematics: Questions identified as dual aligned and at or below the tested grade band are appropriate for the test.

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    What standards should we focus on for the 2013-2014 school year?

    A.  Ohio’s New Learning Standards. By teaching Ohio’s New Learning Standards, teachers are preparing students for the assessments they are taking. Teachers should prepare students on above content in science and social studies that will be included on the OGT.

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Last Modified: 7/28/2014 2:26:23 PM

Pursuant to ORC 3301.079 (B) (3) and 3313.60, it is the responsibility of Ohio's local boards of education to vet and approve curriculum and educational materials for use in the public schools within their district. The use of any materials posted or linked to on the Ohio Department of Education website, including materials within the Common Core State Standards or Appendices or any state model curricula or other educational resource material, is entirely up to the discretion of each local board of education.