IDEA State and District Determinations

State Determinations

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (IDEA) requires the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) to make annual determinations of each state's performance on IDEA Part-B requirements:

  • Meets Requirements;
  • Needs Assistance;
  • Needs Intervention; or
  • Needs Substantial Intervention.

Ohio's 2014 Results-Driven Determination: Needs Assistance

In June 2014, OSEP issued to states "results-driven determinations," using both compliance and achievement results for students with disabilities. This represents a major shift in focus. Previous determinations were driven only by meeting procedural requirements. Beginning in 2014, determinations include a focus on improving achievement and functional outcomes for students with disabilities.  

Ohio is one of 36 states receiving a determination of "Needs Assistance." For more information about the process used to make the determination and to view maps of states' performances, go to:

District Determinations

IDEA requires state education agencies to make annual determinations on the performance of special education programs operated by school districts and other education agencies that receive federal IDEA Part-B funding.

To make district determinations states must consider:

  • performance on compliance indicators;
  • whether data submitted by districts are valid, reliable and timely;
  • uncorrected noncompliance from other sources; and
  • any findings from state financial audits conducted during the determination year.

2014 Determinations

The Office for Exceptional Children (OEC) sent 2014 determinations to districts in June. As in prior years, OEC based district determinations on performance on compliance indicators. These determinations were primarily based on data from the 2012-2013 school year, per federal requirements. OEC posted each district’s determination materials to

The 2014 determinations assess district performance on the following IDEA compliance indicators:

  • Indicator 4b – Disproportionality in discipline;
  • Indicator 9 – Disproportionality in special education;
  • Indicator 10 – Disproportionality in specific disability categories;
  • Indicator 11 – Child find (initial evaluation timelines);
  • Indicator 12 – Early childhood transition;
  • Indicator 13 – Secondary transition;
  • Indicator 15 – Timely correction of noncompliance; and
  • Indicator 20 – Timely, valid and reliable data.

Determinations also take into account audit findings related to the use of IDEA funds. This potentially affects districts that had findings from the Ohio Auditor of State’s office during the 2012-2013 school year.

Appeal Process

Districts that wish to appeal their determination must submit a completed appeal form and supporting documentation by August 15, 2014 to OEC. Districts considering an appeal are encouraged to contact OEC at prior to submission.

Public Reporting

Beginning with 2005-2006 data, states have been required to annually report to the public on the performance of each district on a subset of special education indicators. OEC posts this report to the department website each year. 

In May, 2014, states were required to report on the 2013 determination given to each district as part of Table 8 for the IDEA Section 618 data submitted to OSEP each year. Table 8 collects data on maintenance of effort (MOE) reduction and coordinated early intervening services (CEIS).

OEC has included the 2013 district determinations in the public report of special education data on ODE's website. OEC will add the 2014 district determinations to this report in August, 2014.

  • Click here to view the public report of district special education data.

Last Modified: 6/10/2015 2:54:30 PM