In accordance with the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA) of 2004, each state is required to have in place a State Performance Plan (SPP) that is used to evaluate the state’s efforts to implement the requirements of IDEA. The SPP must include measurable, rigorous targets for 20 indicators that address the monitoring priority areas established by the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP).
The SPP outlines Ohio's targets and activities through school year 2010-2011 for the 20 compliance and results indicators. Compliance indicators have required annual targets of 100 percent, as established by OSEP. Results indicators have targets established by the state based on input from stakeholders.
States must report annually on their performance on the targets identified in the SPP through an annual performance report (APR). The APR provides the actual target data, explanation of progress or slippage, and discussion of improvement activities completed by the state for each indicator during the reporting year.
The IDEA accountability process is significant for local education agencies (LEA) in three major ways:
The APR is the mechanism through which states annually report to OSEP
on the state's performance in relation to the SPP
targets. Subsequently, the Ohio Department of Education's (ODE
) Office for Exceptional Children (OEC) uses the data reported by each LEA for each indicator to analyze individual LEAs' progress toward meeting SPP
targets and to evaluate Ohio's progress as a whole.
requires public reporting of the state's progress toward meeting the SPP
targets for each of the 20 indicators and each LEA's progress toward meeting the targets for a subset of SPP
Based on the data reported in the APR, OSEP
annually places each state's implementation of IDEA
requirements into one of four categories. States must use these same four categories annually when determining each LEA's implementation of IDEA
requirements, based on the data reported for a subset of SPP
States are required to take appropriate enforcement actions or sanctions in response to an LEA's performance status. The determination categories and enforcement actions, as specified in section 616(e) of IDEA:
When the state determines that an LEA needs assistance for two consecutive years, the state must:
a. Advise the LEA of available sources of technical assistance to address deficient areas in which the LEA needs assistance; or
b. Identify the LEA as a high-risk grantee and impose conditions on use of funds.
When the state determines that an LEA needs intervention for three or more consecutive years, the state must:
a. Require the LEA to prepare or implement an action plan to correct the identified area(s); or
b. Withhold, in whole or in part, further payments to the LEA.
Needs Substantial Intervention.
When the state determines that an LEA needs substantial intervention at any time, the state must withhold, in whole or in part, further payments to the LEA.
Although the specific enforcement actions required by IDEA are based on the length of time the LEA has been in a given category, in order for Ohio to receive a "Meets Requirements" determination on state-level compliance indicators performance, OEC must identify noncompliance among LEAs each year and ensure correction within timelines.
LEAs should become familiar with the targets for the compliance and results indicators outlined in Ohio's SPP and make efforts to ensure they are reporting accurate data on the indicators in a timely manner.
Reports of LEA performance data are available online at http://education.ohio.gov; keyword search district-level performance data. Stakeholders can review the progress of their local school districts or community schools on a subset of SPP indicators.