Educator Evaluation Overview

Ohio teachers, school administrators, higher education faculty and representatives from Ohio’s professional associations developed the Ohio Teacher Evaluation System in collaboration with national experts in the area of teacher evaluation.

Ohio's system for evaluating teachers is research-based and designed to be transparent, fair and adaptable to the specific contexts of Ohio’s districts (rural, urban, suburban, large and small). The evaluation system builds on what educators know about the importance of ongoing assessment and feedback as a powerful vehicle to support improved practice.

Two key components of Ohio's evaluation system are a rating of teacher performance (based on classroom observations and other factors) and a rating of student academic growth.

Measuring student growth is challenging because school districts cannot use the same single student assessment for all teachers. They can use value-added ratings from the state assessments when available. If those are not applicable for a given subject or grade, districts can choose to use other assessments provided by national testing vendors and approved for use in Ohio. For subjects without state assessments or approved vendor assessments – such as art or music – districts should establish a process to create student learning objectives to measure student progress.

Adjustments to the evaluation system 

Ohio House Bill 64, effective September 2015, included language affecting several aspects of the Ohio Teacher Evaluation System. First, the legislation extends “safe harbor” provisions – meaning that districts will not use value-added ratings from state tests as part of educator evaluations or when making decisions regarding dismissal, retention, tenure or compensation – unless they establish a memorandum of understanding to do so. The legislation also modified the alternative framework, one of two models that districts must choose to follow as they conduct teacher and principal evaluations.  

The Teacher Evaluation Web page features more information, including updated graphic charts explaining the modified alternative framework as well as the original framework.

A brief history of teacher evaluation in Ohio

Over the past decade, Ohio made important education policy advances to encourage high-quality teaching, student learning and achievement, as well as excellent standards and accountability.

In 2004, both the Governor’s Commission on Teaching Success and Senate Bill 2 addressed the topic of teacher quality. The legislation mandated the creation of the Educator Standards Board, which was charged with the creation of the following:

House Bill 1 in 2009 directed the Educator Standards Board to recommend model evaluation systems for teachers and principals to the State Board of Education for their review and adoption. The Ohio Teacher Evaluation System was created in response to this mandate and designed to be used to assess the performance of Ohio teachers. 

Beginning in 2014-2015, Sub. House Bill 362 enabled districts to select a less frequent evaluation cycle for teachers rated accomplished or skilled for the previous school year. This bill also introduced the alternative framework, which was subsequently altered by Ohio House Bill 64 in 2015. 

Last Modified: 8/13/2015 3:18:38 PM