Kindergarten Readiness Assessment (KRA)
Public school districts and community schools are required to administer the Kindergarten Readiness Assessment (KRA) to all first-time
kindergarten students. Do not administer the KRA to any student retained in kindergarten. The retained kindergartners will need to be administered either the state-developed reading diagnostic for kindergarten or one of the approved vendor diagnostics.
Ohio’s Kindergarten Readiness Assessment is a direct and observation-based assessment aligned with Ohio’s Early Learning and Development Standards designed to measure the essential developmental areas of child development to determine a child’s readiness for engaging with kindergarten instruction and is intended to be administered to kindergarten students starting the first day of school, or the first day that schools and districts take attendance for students who are enrolled in kindergarten with the administration ending on Nov. 1.
The KRA is one way to assess kindergarten children. Because the KRA is based on the Ohio Early Learning and Development Standards that span birth through age five, it provides a comprehensive view of a student’s readiness for kindergarten instruction. The results give teachers and families informative and actionable data that supports opportunities for intervention and enrichment. Teachers are observing children in everyday activities, asking children to provide responses to prompts, and setting up activities for children to show what they know and what they can do.
Assessment Data Managers
Each participating school or district must assign an Assessment Data Manager-Preschool and Kindergarten
in OEDS by July 7, 2017
. Districts that have at least one Assessment Data Manager-Preschool and Kindergarten in OEDS by July 7
will have access to the Ready for Kindergarten Online
system on Aug. 1
. To learn how to assign roles in OEDS, please see Assigning Roles guidance document
found on the OEDS webpage here
KRA Data and Reports
We understand the need for timely data and hope that the resources and enhancements to the system will support educators who are administering the KRA and using the data to inform instructional decisions for kindergarten students. The KReady system will open on Aug. 1 for the 2017-2018 KRA administration and will close on Nov. 1 at 11:59 p.m. The raw data is available immediately to teachers; the language and literacy scaled scores are available as soon as teachers administer the language and literacy items, enter the data in KReady, and the data manager runs that report; individual student reports will be available to teachers on demand for students who have 100 percent item completion; scale score reports will be available approximately one week after the window closes on Nov. 1.
The results are not delivered directly to the schools, however, because of the immediate access in the KReady system
to users with teacher, data manager, and administrator accounts.
How to Find KRA Data:
- KRA raw data is immediately available to teachers as they administer the items, and we recommend teachers use that as baseline data to inform kindergarten instruction based on the needs of the students.
- The Language and Literacy Scale Score reports are available to Data Managers and administrators before Nov. 1. This was a new feature during the 2016 administration and was available in late September. This report feature will continue through future administration windows.
- Scale Score reports are available to data managers and administrators after the window closes. The system takes about a week to generate all scores and go through testing before making the reports available to school districts. The scale score report will not be available during the administration window.
- In previous years, the individual student reports were available at the same time as the scale score reports. This year, the individual student reports will be available on demand to teachers for students who have 100 percent item completion. Teachers will be able to generate the individual student reports prior to Nov. 1. After Nov. 1, the system will generate any individual student reports that were not generated on-demand by the teacher. This process is still being developed in the KReady system, and the specifics will be communicated later this summer.
KRA Data for 2015 and 2016 is found in the KReady system and the directions for retrieving data reports using the archive are included in the KRA Data Manager Guide
KRA Data for 2014 is found in the superintendent’s SAFE account in the Collaboration Center and we have provided Directions for Finding KRA Data on SAFE
KRA Data released to the public from 2014 is found in the Download Data tab on the Ohio School Reports Cards page and we have also provided Directions for Finding Released Ohio KRA Data
KRA Annual Reports
KRA Annual Report 2014-2015
- This report includes results from the FY15 administration of the Kindergarten Readiness Assessment in Ohio.
KRA Annual Report 2015-2016
– This report includes results from the FY16 administration of the Kindergarten Readiness Assessment in Ohio.
Understanding KRA Scale Scores
You may find it beneficial to review and share the KRA Individual Student Report Explanation
guidance document found here
. The explanation document, as well as the individual student reports are resources to help understand the overall scores and the performance levels.
NOTE: Only the overall score determines the performance level. The Language and Literacy area is the only area with the on-track
and not on-track
levels. You will see levels that will help you identify which students need support in reading right now. Scores of 263 or higher are on -track. Scores of 262 or lower are not on -track. There are three bands of performance based on the total of scores in all four areas:
Demonstrating Readiness 270-298
Approaching Readiness 258-269
Emerging Readiness 202-257
The assessment tool does not rank children by ability, nor does not identify students with disabilities or gifted students. However, the KRA Language and Literacy area may be used to meet the requirement of a reading diagnostic for the Third Grade Reading Guarantee. If the KRA Language and Literacy area is used for the Third Grade Reading Guarantee, it must be administered by Nov. 1. The Language and Literacy area cut score for on track
in reading is 263 (scaled-score) and above. If a student scores 262 or less on the Language and Literacy area, the child is not on track
for reading on grade level. This score is for the Language and Literacy sub score only, not the composite score.
KRA Universal Design
Although students identified with significant cognitive disabilities are exempt from the requirements outlined in the TGRG, they are not exempt from the KRA. A fully accessible approach to assessment design and implementation is necessary for students with diverse learning characteristics to ensure that they have the opportunity to demonstrate their knowledge and skills. Please review the KRA Guidelines for Allowable Supports
found on our webpage here
. Teachers should follow the child’s instructional team recommendations for any or all supports on a child-by-child basis, and check the individualized education plan (IEP) for any accommodations and/or modifications.
A score of 0, or N (not yet evident), is given if the item is accessible to the student but the student does not reply/chooses not to reply/replies incorrectly/does not demonstrate the skill. However, if the item is not accessible to the student even after allowable supports, then a score of Not Scorable is given to children. Even with supports, some students will not be able to access particular assessment items (e.g., a student in a wheelchair cannot do the hopping item). There is a “Not Scorable” option for such situations. However, there is no alternative KRA, simply because of the universal design and the allowable supports for all children.
KRA Training Required for Kindergarten Teachers
Educators who administer the assessment must (1) be employed by the student’s school or district, (2) hold a valid Ohio Department of Education-issued permit, license or certificate, and (3) have successfully completed the required Kindergarten Readiness Assessment training. The Department strongly recommends that each student’s primary classroom teacher or another teacher who has regular contact with the student(s) (e.g., an intervention specialist or reading specialist) administer the assessment.
Kindergarten teachers who have never been trained on the KRA must successfully complete the state-required training. Kindergarten teachers who have successfully completed the KRA training in 2014-2015, 2015-2016 or 2016-2017 are not required to take any additional training to administer the KRA during the 2016-2017 school year. They may, however, opt to attend a one-day refresher training. All kindergarten teachers are required to review a new brief online module to learn about the 2017 administration of the Kindergarten Field Test and the KRA.
Not previously trained – One of the following required to administer KRA in fall 2016:
Previously trained – Not required of any teacher, but available:
- Option 1: Kindergarten Readiness Assessment Two-Day Training. This required training consists of two days of in-person training for NEW kindergarten teachers who have never been trained on the KRA.
- Option 2: Kindergarten Readiness Assessment Hybrid Training. This required training consists of a one day in-person training followed by approximately 10 hours of online work on your own and is for NEW kindergarten teachers who have never been trained on the KRA.
- Kindergarten Readiness Assessment Refresher. This optional training consists of one day, in-person training and is intended for teachers who have already completed KRA training in a previous year.
The KRA trainings are scheduled and delivered by State Support Team KRA trainers and a small number of local district trainers. Training is in STARS and will be added throughout the summer to prepare teachers for the 2017 KRA administration. Teachers will need to register in STARS. Search using the Keyword term KRA.
Kindergarten Field Test and Other KRA Updates: NEW Online Module!
To fully understand the 2017 administration of the KRA and the Kindergarten Field Test a new module is available online here
. In the Ohio KRA 2017 Field Test & Implementation module
, participants will:
KRA App Items can be Administered by a Trained Proctor
- Learn about the Kindergarten Field Test and what it means
- Get a glimpse inside Ohio’s Early Childhood Comprehensive Assessment System development process
- Explore the Kindergarten Field Test items and revised observational rubrics
- Review the materials teachers will receive along with handling procedures and test security requirements
- Review the field test-specific features of the Ready for Kindergarten online system
- Review the features of the new KRA App
- Learn about the new instant individual student reports creation feature that will be available throughout the administration window
Teachers can find supports and resources about the KRA App when they are logged in to the KReady system
, in the PD content site, by clicking on Supports and Resources and then click on the KRA App tab on the navigation bar.
The Supports and Resources page also has updated information about the app, including Proctor Guidelines. The kindergarten teacher of record is able to train a resource teacher or paraeducator to administer some of the items of the KRA app. This "KRA App Proctor" does not need to complete the full KRA teacher training. Instead, the proctor must review and complete the proctor training contained in the Proctor Training and Guidelines document. This document is available and described more in detail in the Important Grab-n-Go Resources section
Any school employee can be trained to be a proctor for the KRA App to help reduce teacher burden with administering the assessment. KReady accounts should NOT be created for proctors. Teachers or principals can download the KRA App Proctor Guidelines and a certification form from the KRA PD site and give that to the proctor. The proctor then reads the guidelines document, takes the self-check/quiz (by paper) and signs a certification form. The principal and teacher also sign the certification form and that form is stored however the school or district follows other testing procedures.
All of this is explained in the proctor guidelines document. Once the proctor is trained, then the teacher logs the proctor into the KRA App using the teacher’s username and password. Again, districts should NOT be creating KReady accounts for proctors – they are not needed.
All versions of Chrome (except Chromebooks) are compatible with the content and simulation assessment teachers complete during the KRA training
There is a Web App version that can be used with Chromebooks for the selected assessment items that can be administered and scored by the KRA app for students. Review the KRA Technology Guidelines found here.
KRA Administration Materials
The 2014-2015 KRA administration materials may be destroyed because they are no longer in use. Please ensure your current 2015-2016 and/or 2016-2017 KRA administration materials are securely stored as they will be used again for the fall 2017 administration
. Some schools and districts might need additional or new administration materials for next school year.
Please fill out this 2017 Kindergarten Readiness Assessment Order Form
to order replacement Kindergarten Readiness Assessment Kits for trained teachers. Tests are secure materials. Programs must file a Test Destruction Form
to report destroyed kits.
Children who are blind or visually impaired represent a wide range of sightedness. Thus, we created the Alternative Text Teacher Administration Manual, Tactile Graphics Assessment manual and concrete manipulatives to ensure accessibility for all children who are blind or visually impaired. You should follow the child’s instructional team recommendations for any or all supports on a child-by-child basis. You also should check the individualized education program (IEP) for any accommodations and/or modifications. Please fill out this 2017 Kindergarten Readiness Assessment Alternative Text Test Order Form
to order the Alternative Text Test Administration Manual and materials.
Kindergarten Readiness Assessment Kits include the following:
Kindergarten Readiness Assessment Teacher Administration Manual
This manual contains
Kindergarten Readiness Assessment Observational Teacher Administration Manual
- Mathematics and Language & Literacy selected response and performance task items;
- Scripted directions to help ensure proper assessment procedures;
- Scoring information.
This manual contains
Kindergarten Readiness Assessment Manipulatives
- Language & Literacy, Social Foundations, and Physical Development & Well-Being observational rubric items;
This booklet contains;
Not included in the kit:
- Spiral bound Mathematics and Language & Literacy test item images;
- Mathematics and Language & Literacy card-stock manipulatives.
For more information
- A pencil and a blank sheet of paper (8.5” x 11”), one per child, for Items 28 and 29;
- Item score sheets (also available to teachers in KReady online system);
- Guidelines on Allowable Supports for Administration of the Kindergarten Readiness Assessment (also available to teachers in KReady online system).
Check out the Department’s Kindergarten Readiness Assessment Website
Questions about the Kindergarten Readiness Assessment:
KRA Help Desk: