Early Learning Assessments
Kindergarten Readiness Assessment (KRA)
KRA Data and Reports
We understand the need for timely data and hope that the resources and enhancements to the system will support educators who are administering the KRA and using the data to inform instructional decisions for kindergarten students.
Results are available in the KReady system
to users with teacher, data manage and administrator accounts.
- KRA raw data is immediately available to teachers as they administer the items, and we recommend teachers use that as baseline data to inform kindergarten instruction based on the needs of the students.
- The Language and Literacy scale score reports are available to data managers and administrators before Nov. 1. This was a new feature during the 2016 administration and was available in late September. This report feature will continue through future administration windows.
- Scale score reports are available to data managers and administrators after the window closes. The system takes about a week to generate all the scores and go through testing before making the reports available to school districts. The scale score report will not be available during the administration window.
- In previous years, the Individual Student Reports (ISRs) were available at the same time as the scale score reports. This year, the ISRs will be available on demand to teachers for students who have 100 percent item completion. Once a teacher has finished entering scores for all KRA items available for at least one student in the current data collection, he or she will then be able to generate the ISR score page. Teachers can generate the ISR score page by student or by entire class (all students assigned to them all at once). This process was available beginning Sept. 1. Review the Generating the ISR guidance document to learn more.
How to Find KRA Data:
School districts can find KRA data for 2015 and 2016 in the KReady system. The KRA Data Manager Guide
includes directions for retrieving data reports using the archive.
School districts can find KRA data for 2014 in the superintendent’s SAFE account in the Collaboration Center. We have provided Directions for Finding KRA Data on SAFE
Public access to KRA data is available in the Download Data tab on the Ohio School Reports Cards page. We also have provided Directions for Finding Released Ohio KRA Data
KRA Annual Reports
KRA Annual Report 2014-2015
- This report includes results from the FY15 administration of the Kindergarten Readiness Assessment in Ohio.
KRA Annual Report 2015-2016
- This report includes results from the FY16 administration of the Kindergarten Readiness Assessment in Ohio.
Understanding KRA Scale Scores
The scoring calculations are complex and scale scores cannot be calculated outside of the KReady system.
- The max score for every domain except Physical Well-Being and Motor Development is 298; the max score for that domain is 289.
- If a raw score is 0, the scaled score is 202.
- The overall max scaled score is 298.
- Any score in between the lowest and highest is calculated based on which questions the student answers. If a child scores between the lowest and highest points for the raw score, the scaled scores are estimated based on the difficulty of the questions, which questions the child answers/does not answer, which questions the child answered correctly and other calculations.
- The scoring process works by adding the raw points obtained by each student and converting the raw score to a scale score using lookup tables created with IRT-Rasch model.
You may find it beneficial to review and share the KRA Individual Student Report Explanation
guidance document found here
. The explanation document, as well as the ISR are resources to help understand the overall scores and the performance levels.
NOTE: Only the overall score determines the performance level. The Language and Literacy is the only area with the on-track
and not on-track
levels. You will see levels that will help you identify which students need support in reading right now. Scores of 263 or higher are on track. Scores of 262 or lower are not on track. There are three bands of performance based on the total of scores in all four areas:
Demonstrating Readiness 270-298
Approaching Readiness 258-269
Emerging Readiness 202-257
The assessment tool does not rank children by ability, nor does it identify students with disabilities or gifted students. Districts may use the KRA Language and Literacy area to meet the requirement of a reading diagnostic for the Third Grade Reading Guarantee. If used for the Third Grade Reading Guarantee, the KRA Language and Literacy area must be administered by Nov. 1. The Language and Literacy area cut score for on track
in reading is 263 (scaled-score) and above. If a student scores 262 or less on the Language and Literacy area, the child is not on track
for reading on grade level. This score is for the Language and Literacy sub-score only, not the composite score.
For more information
Kindergarten Readiness Assessment Website
KRA Help Desk: