Overview of School Funding

Overview of School Funding

In Fiscal Year 2019, the state of Ohio spent more on primary and secondary education than at any other time in state history, and state spending will continue to increase. FY19 State General Revenue Fund and Lottery Profit spending for primary and secondary education exceeded Fiscal Year 2010 funding levels by nearly $2.4 billion, or 28.9 percent. Even including one-time federal stimulus funding, TPP/KwH reimbursements, and property tax relief, FY19 funding levels exceeded FY10 funding levels by $962.4 million, or 10 percent.
The current biennial budget for Fiscal Year 2020 and Fiscal Year 2021 continues the record investment and adds an additional and significant funding stream - Student Wellness and Success Fund. Despite modest budget reductions as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, resources allocated primary and secondary education totaled $10.57 billion in FY20 and are estimated at $10.95 billion in FY21. State education spending in this biennium represent the largest commitment of state appropriations.

Graph of Primary and Secondary Education Funding FY2009-FY2021

Click on chart to enlarge

How School Funding is Distributed

Public school districts use a combination of state funds, local sources such as property taxes (and in some cases income taxes) and federal funds.

The amount of state funds that a district receives is based on a formula that takes into account the student enrollment and the property wealth of the district.

About School Funding


The Department of Education’s General Revenue Fund budget represents the largest component of primary and secondary education.

These funds, along with profits from the Ohio Lottery are used to fund Ohio’s 612 public school districts, 49 joint vocational school districts, 319 public community schools and 7 STEM schools. They also fund the activities of the Ohio Department of Education, including funding for early childhood education, pre-school special education, assessments, and the A-F report card.

In addition to state aid through the foundation program, many school districts receive reimbursements payments for lost property tax revenue caused by the phase out of the general business tangible personal property tax (TPP) and the reduction of property tax assessments rates on utility property (KwH). Finally, the state pays 10% of locally levied property taxes for residential and agricultural real property owners and an additional 2.5% for homeowners and represents property tax relief to individual property taxpayers in Ohio.

Most Requested Reports

Last Modified: 8/26/2021 7:48:32 AM