Explanation of the CBDD Funding
Ohio County Boards of Developmental Disabilities (BDD) serve Ohioans by providing a variety of services to people with special needs due to disability conditions. Each of the 88 counties in Ohio has a CBDD board and together they serve some 66,000 Ohioans in various age groups. A wide range of services including medical, nursing, case management, occupational and physical therapy, room and board, education, counseling and other services are provided by the CBDDs.
State Funding From ODE
ODE provides funding to CBDDs through 3 different streams:
- Preschool Pupils Special Education Funding
- School age Pupils Special Education Funding
- School age Pupils Transportation Funding
Preschool Special Education Funding
ORC Section 3317.0213 provides for the funding of CBDDs for special education services provided to children who are not enrolled in kindergarten and who are between the ages of 3 and 5. The preschool special education funding is based on two per‐pupil amounts applied to the count of special education preschool children. One of the per‐pupil amounts is used without being equalized while the other is equalized by means of the state share index of the school district in which the child is entitled to attend school. The un‐equalized per‐pupil amount is $4,000 and is applied to the total count of preschool children regardless of their handicapping condition. The second per‐pupil amount is geared to the handicapping condition and is equalized by the state share index. Since in all contexts where preschool children are served, services are typically provided on half day basis, the funding formula provides for the equalized per-pupil amount to be multiplied by 0.5.
As with school age children, special needs preschool children are categorized into 6 broad categories based on their handicapping conditions for funding purposes. For each category there is a per-pupil amount that forms the basis of the special education funding.
- Category 1: Speech and Language Disability – The per-pupil amount associated with this category is $1,578 in FY2020.
- Category 2: Developmentally Disabled; Specific Learning Disabled; Other Health (minor) – The per-pupil amount associated with this category is $4,005 in FY2020.
- Category 3: Hearing Impaired; Severe Behavior Disabled – The per-pupil amount associated with this category is $9,622 in FY2020.
- Category 4: Visually Impaired; Other Health (major) – The per-pupil amount associated with this category is $12,841 in FY2020.
- Category 5: Multiple Disability; Orthopedically Disabled – The per-pupil amount associated with this category is $17,390 in FY2020.
- Category 6: Deaf and Blind; Autistic; Traumatic Brain Injured – The per-pupil amount associated with this category is $25,637 in FY2020.
The preschool funding formula is below:
[(Total Preschool Special Ed Counts) X $4,000] +
Applicable SpEd Category [ Preschool Count X Per-Pupil $ X 0.5 X State Share Index]
State Share Index of each school district reflects the wealth of the school district as measured by property valuation and the income of the residents of the district calculated for the purposes of the distribution of the state funds through the foundation formula. The state share index is calculated based on a sliding scale that ranges from 5% to 90% with the wealthiest districts having an index of 5% and the least wealthy districts having an index of 90%. The state share index is meant to equalize the distribution of the funds among school districts.
School age Pupils Special Education Funding
ORC Section 3317.20(B) provides for the state funding of each school age child at a BDD to be based on the per-pupil formula amount specified in Section 3317.02(G) and the applicable per-pupil special education amounts specified in Section 3317.013 of the revised code and the state share index of the district in which the child is entitled to attend school.
Shown mathematically, the funding of each school age child of the CBDD amounts in the following:
Student FTE * (Formula Amount + (State Share Index X Applicable SpEd Category $))
Formula Amount is $6,020 in FY20.
Applicable Special Education Amount is one of the 6 special education per-pupil amounts listed above. The same 6 special education categories are utilized here.
State Share Index is the same measure defined above.
School age Pupil Transportation Funding
CBDDs are eligible to receive state funding for transportation of school age children. This funding is distributed in accordance with provisions of administrative law based on $6.00 per instructional day and half of the excess of the actual cost over this amount limited by a maximum allowable amount for each entity that is equal to 200% of the statewide average per rider cost times the total riders. This calculation is done for each fiscal year based on data for the previous fiscal year due to timing issues surrounding data availability.
Funding calculation reports for CBDDs are provided on ODE website which can be accessed through this link.
The law provides for the deduction of the preschool funding of the CBDD from the foundation calculation of the school districts in which the children who are served by the CBDD are entitled to attend school. The amount of the CBDD preschool deduction is included in the Other Adjustments section of the School Foundation Payment Report (SFPR) of each district.
Direct your questions on CBDD funding to Daria Shams of Office of Budget & School Funding: Daria.Shams@ode.state.oh.us.
Last Modified: 5/20/2020 2:52:24 PM