Assessments for English Language Arts

On the Ohio Department of Education website, we use the terms Testing and Assessment in specific ways. Testing refers to Ohio's State Tests. Assessment refers to the many formative and summative assessments teachers and districts use to monitor student progress at the local level. Learn more by reviewing the table below.



  • Measures how students statewide are gaining knowledge and skills outlined in Ohio’s Learning Standards
  • Provides a measurement of each public school’s performance
  • Results appear in the Ohio School Report Card 
  • Helps educators and parents monitor students’ school progress
  • Shows where students may need additional help or practice
  • Allows teachers to adjust their instruction to meet students’ needs 

Testing - Ohio’s State Tests

Students in grades 3-8 and high school take Ohio’s State Tests in English language arts. Teachers can best prepare their students for the tests by aligning their teaching through the year with Ohio's Learning Standards, which serve as the basis for these tests. See the model curriculum and other resources to help you plan standards-based instruction. 

Educators can access guidance documents, blueprints, sample tests and item tutorials for Ohio's State Tests in English Language Arts through Ohio’s State Test Portal.

English language arts item release scoring guides

These documents provide the answer keys and scoring guides for the Spring 2016 and Spring 2017 English Language Arts I and II Item Release Tests available on the Student Practice Site. They include the item type, the content strand and content statement assessed, an answer key (for some item types) and the number of points associated with each item. They also include the guidelines for scoring (i.e., scoring rubrics), sample responses, and notes on scoring and rationales that describe why response options are correct or incorrect

 ELA Item Release Scoring Guides

ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS machine scoring information

These documents provide answers and information regarding the scoring of the Ohio’s state tests for English language arts.

Additional State Test Resources

Assessment - Formative and Summative Assessments

We can define assessments as formative and summative, depending on their purposes.

  • Formative classroom assessments are strategies teachers use throughout the year to identify where students may need additional help or practice or when they are ready to move ahead in their learning. Rather than relying only upon traditional tests, teachers can use dozens of formative instructional practices to assess student progress. Then, they can adjust their teaching to meet students' needs. Learn more from  resources below.
  • Summative classroom assessments evaluate student learning near the end of an instructional unit by comparing it against a standard.

related resources

  • Formative instructional practices (FIP) - These are  formal and informal ways that teachers and students gather and respond to evidence of learning. Integrating these components into daily practice can increase student learning and teacher effectiveness.
  • Ohio Performance Assessment Pilot Project (OPAPP) - Learn about this project and the Dyad Learning System approach by reviewing the video and related resources posted here. The project merged learning tasks with assessment tasks and piloted their use. From this project, teachers can gain ideas for performance tasks they can use as part of formative or summative assessments.

Last Modified: 1/12/2022 2:02:43 PM