Content Elaborations

Content elaborations are concepts and ideas that extend the learning standards and bring more clarity and richness to the content that students will be learning.

Themes, Topics and Essential Questions

These eight global themes can serve as guidance for creating courses and units that are aligned from level 1 through AP level.  Teachers can use the themes to determine the appropriate content, vocabulary or structures that will fit with the theme or topic that they choose. These themes relate closely to the Advanced Placement themes and include related topics and essential questions that require students not only to gain content knowledge, but also challenge them to increase their critical thinking skills.

Click here to plan a unit, course or curriculum.

Proficiency Targets

Proficiency Targets for Languages

These research-based recommendations are designed to provide local schools and districts with the informed guidance needed to set rigorous yet attainable proficiency targets for their language students. In no way should these targets be interpreted as state mandated. District decision-makers ultimately must consider the nature of their programs and establish targets that challenge learners, yet remain obtainable given their student population. Schools and districts may also want to consider the differentiation of targets to meet the needs of all types of learners.


Last Modified: 10/28/2022 4:06:53 PM

Pursuant to ORC 3301.079 (B) (3) and 3313.60, it is the responsibility of Ohio's local boards of education to vet and approve curriculum and educational materials for use in the public schools within their district. The use of any materials posted or linked to on the Ohio Department of Education website, including materials within Ohio’s Learning Standards or Appendices or any state model curricula or other educational resource material, is entirely up to the discretion of each local board of education.