Student Readiness Toolkits

Student Readiness Toolkits

What are the Student Readiness Toolkits?

The Toolkits are standards-based guides designed to help educators determine students’ levels of educational attainment when starting the new school year. The toolkits include curriculum and assessment materials, which may help identify instructional gaps and determine instructional priorities.
 

How should the Toolkits be used?

Understanding the level of knowledge acquisition and understanding for each student is important for teachers and schools. This understanding can inform instructional practices and the structure of the learning experience for students. The following are some of the ways the toolkits can be used:
 

Data-informed continuous improvement. Most schools and districts already have data-informed continuous improvement processes in place, either through deep engagement in the Ohio Improvement Process or through similar improvement frameworks. These supports could be integrated in Teacher-Based Teams (TBTs) or other collaborative planning approaches. 


Instruction and standards. A Gap Analysis tool is available to help identify what learning standards were taught before and during remote learning to identify potential gaps. The Gap Analysis should be used with other resources such as the Learning Progressions, Critical Areas of Focus and Model Curriculum to plan for instruction.

Assessment supports. Most schools have vendor-based or district-created assessment systems. To complement those tools, the Department has created additional assessment supports to help teachers gain understanding about each child's knowledge, skills, abilities and learning needs. Readiness data collected by teachers can assist with monitoring student progress toward the achievement of Ohio's Learning Standards.

The Department is working to develop additional support materials including online testing resources in the state testing portal. More information on these online Benchmarking assessments is forthcoming.

Effective Planning. During this time of uncertainty and limited resources, it is more important than ever to have a plan for student supports that is tightly aligned and targeted to meet students and educators' priority needs. The toolkits may provide key data on student readiness and instructional priorities.


Regional Data Leads (RDLs). Regional Data Leads (RDLs) are education professionals who promote the use of student performance data among other educators regionally, both to strengthen professional practice and improve learning for all students. Regional Data Leads are located at Educational Service Centers and within State Support Teams throughout the state. They are valuable resources to educators and administrators as they work together to make data-informed decisions to best support student learning during and after this public health crisis. Contact information is available here


English Language Arts

  • English Language Arts Student Readiness Toolkit PowerPoint (Narrated version)
  • Overview Document - Student Readiness Toolkit for English Language Arts
  • Student Readiness Gap Analysis may be used to create a record of the learning opportunities students had during 2019-2020 to help inform teachers in fall 2020 where English language arts knowledge and skills may differ from typical years.
  • Vertical Alignment documents, represented by strand, show how the standards progress from kindergarten through grade 12 for each of the college and career readiness anchor standards.
  • Learning Progressions are found before and after the Content Elaborations section of the Model Curriculum. Progression statements provide educators with a general description of the knowledge and skills students learned prior to that grade level/band, and the knowledge and skills students are expected to learn in the next grade level/band. Progressions reflect the gradual development of skills over time. The educators who updated the model curriculum paid particular attention to vertically align these progressions, which means that they represent the way the standards' skills and knowledge build on one another and increase in complexity from kindergarten to the anchor standards.
  • The Model Curriculum is a tool that provides educators with information that clarifies the learning standards and sets the foundation for planning and developing instruction aligned to Ohio's Learning Standards for English Language Arts. As educators begin to use this tool, it is important to understand how all of the components work together to accomplish the goal of educating Ohio students.
  • Ohio's Learning Standards for English Language Arts
  • Using Passage Text Sets to Plan Instruction
    • ELA Passage Text Sets - These documents contain the released passages and test items organized in text sets. The texts sets are specific to a grade level and text type (literary or informational). Each text set contains literary or informational passages and the associated reading and writing test items. A link to the scoring guide is provided on the cover of each text set.
    • ELA Passage Tracker Tool - These documents contain grade-specific spreadsheets that identify the passage/passage set by text type (literary or informational). Each passage tracker identifies the reading and writing learning standards that are assessed by the test items associated with each of the passage/passage sets.
  • Depth of Knowledge Resources for ELA - The depth of knowledge (DOK) level describes the level of understanding required to answer a question or perform an activity not whether the task is considered “difficult.” What mental processing, or cognitive rigor, must occur for a student to complete the task?
  • Assessment Resources for English Language Arts
  • Practice Tests and Sample Test Items - Both practice tests and sample test items allow students to view and answer test questions that are like those that could appear on state tests. Teachers and parents also may use related resources to help their students know what to expect. 
    • Student Practice Site
    • Student Practice Resources - Student Tutorials and Tools - These tutorials provide information about the online Student Testing Site. Part 1 walks through the student sign-in process and navigation. Part 2 covers the tools available to students.
    • Student Practice Resources – English Language Arts
      Practice Test and Item Release Scoring Guides - These documents provide the answer keys and scoring guides for the ELA Practice Tests and various released items available on the Student Practice Site. They include the item type, the content strand and content statement assessed, an answer key and the number of points associated with each item. They also include the guidelines for scoring (i.e., scoring rubrics), sample responses and notes on scoring and rationales that describe why response options are correct or incorrect. Writing rubrics are also included as part of these resources.

  • The Restart Readiness Assessments Portal contains a suite of optional assessment tools for students in grades 3 through high school that have been developed by the Ohio Department of Education in collaboration with Cambium Assessment, Inc. Comprised of two components, Benchmark Tests and Checkpoint Assessments, the purpose of these assessments is to provide educators with actionable performance data using assessments that have been aligned with Ohio's Learning Standards and built using items from Ohio's State Tests.
    • Benchmark tests are full-length assessments that mirror the content and test characteristics of Ohio’s State Tests in terms of length, test specifications, blueprints and tools available to students (such as the calculator). These benchmark tests will be machine-scored, allowing reporting in near real-time to give teachers rapid access to results. Mirroring Ohio’s State Tests also allows for reporting measures that are familiar to Ohio educators, such as performance levels. Results will be reported in a new, innovative reporting system, with additional tools to assist teachers in understanding and using the data. To aid teachers in connecting assessment results with instruction, the Department is providing resources specific to each benchmark test, including instructional strategies, content information and learning activities.
    • Checkpoint assessments consist of six to 10 items and offer a range of opportunities to assess within each reporting category. Items offer varying levels of difficulty or complexity, as well as breadth of Ohio’s Learning Standards for the reporting category. To a large extent, these assessments will be machine-scored. Raw scores (the number of items correct) will be provided in the new reporting system. As part of a balanced system of local informal and formative assessments, the checkpoint assessments will provide useful information in gauging students’ knowledge and performance within each reporting category.
  • Data gathered by these readiness assessments will be available for analysis using the Centralized Reporting System, an online platform through which assessment data can be analyzed. Educators will be able to conduct an item level analysis at the district, classroom or student level; review individual student responses for every item on every test; compare performance across a wide variety of contexts and categories; and much more. Resources about the Centralized Reporting System, Readiness Assessments, how to access and view assessment data, FAQs, user guides and more can be found here.

Mathematics

Student Readiness Assessment Item release Guides

Grade 3 - 8
Grade 3 Student / Teacher Grade 6 Student / Teacher
Grade 4 Student / Teacher Grade 7 Student / Teacher
Grade 5 Student / Teacher Grade 8 Student / Teacher
High School
Algebra 1 Student / Teacher
 
  • Practice Tests and Sample Test Items - Both practice tests and sample test items allow students to view and answer test questions that are like those that could appear on state tests. Teachers and parents also may use related resources to help their students know what to expect.  
    • Student Practice Site
    • Student Practice Resources - Student Tutorials and Tools - These tutorials provide information about the online Student Testing Site. Part 1 walks through the student sign-in process and navigation. Part 2 covers the tools available to students. 
    • Student Practice Resources – Mathematics
      Practice Test and Item Release Scoring Guides - These documents provide the answer keys and scoring guides for the Math Practice Tests and various released items available on the Student Practice Site. They include the item type, the content strand and content statement assessed, an answer key and the number of points associated with each item. They also include the guidelines for scoring (i.e., scoring rubrics), sample responses and notes on scoring and rationales that describe why response options are correct or incorrect. Math tools such as online calculators and reference sheets are also included as part of these resources.

  • The Restart Readiness Assessments Portal contains a suite of optional assessment tools for students in grades 3 through high school that have been developed by the Ohio Department of Education in collaboration with Cambium Assessment, Inc. Comprised of two components, Benchmark Tests and Checkpoint Assessments, the purpose of these assessments is to provide educators with actionable performance data using assessments that have been aligned with Ohio's Learning Standards and built using items from Ohio's State Tests.
    • Benchmark tests are full-length assessments that mirror the content and test characteristics of Ohio’s State Tests in terms of length, test specifications, blueprints and tools available to students (such as the calculator). These benchmark tests will be machine-scored, allowing reporting in near real-time to give teachers rapid access to results. Mirroring Ohio’s State Tests also allows for reporting measures that are familiar to Ohio educators, such as performance levels. Results will be reported in a new, innovative reporting system, with additional tools to assist teachers in understanding and using the data. To aid teachers in connecting assessment results with instruction, the Department is providing resources specific to each benchmark test, including instructional strategies, content information and learning activities.
    • Checkpoint assessments consist of six to 10 items and offer a range of opportunities to assess within each reporting category. Items offer varying levels of difficulty or complexity, as well as breadth of Ohio’s Learning Standards for the reporting category. To a large extent, these assessments will be machine-scored. Raw scores (the number of items correct) will be provided in the new reporting system. As part of a balanced system of local informal and formative assessments, the checkpoint assessments will provide useful information in gauging students’ knowledge and performance within each reporting category.
  • Data gathered by these readiness assessments will be available for analysis using the Centralized Reporting System, an online platform through which assessment data can be analyzed. Educators will be able to conduct an item level analysis at the district, classroom or student level; review individual student responses for every item on every test; compare performance across a wide variety of contexts and categories; and much more. Resources about the Centralized Reporting System, Readiness Assessments, how to access and view assessment data, FAQs, user guides and more can be found here.

Science

  • Science Student Readiness Gap Analysis K-High School may be used to create a record of the learning opportunities students had during remote learning to help inform teachers where science knowledge and skills may differ from typical academic years.
  • The Science Vertical Alignment K-8 document provides a broad view of how knowledge deepens over time in each topic area and can be used in a variety of ways. For an individual teacher the vertical alignment can provide a more detailed view into expected prior skills and knowledge than that provided in the standards and model curriculum documents. This may help teachers better understand the content students should have encountered before entering a grade. It also could inform teachers as they create pre-assessments to help identify missing prerequisite skills.
  • Ohio's Learning Standards for Science serve as a basis for what all students should know and be able to do in order to become scientifically literate citizens, equipped with knowledge and skills for the 21st century workforce and higher education. Ohio educators are provided with the content and expectations for learning at each grade level. The standards provide critical science knowledge, are grade-level appropriate, and reflect current research.
  • The Model Curriculum is a tool that provides educators with information that clarifies the learning standards and sets the foundation for planning and implementing instruction aligned to Ohio's Learning Standards for Science. As educators begin to use this tool, it is important to understand how all the components work together to accomplish the goal of educating Ohio students.
  • Cognitive Demands refer to the kind and level of thinking required of students in order to successfully engage with and solve a task. It describes the level of understanding required to answer a question or perform an activity not whether the task is considered “difficult.” What mental processing, or cognitive rigor, must occur for a student to complete the task?
  • Additional Resources for Science
    • Sample Test Items and Practice Tests - Both sample items and practice tests allow students to view and answer test questions that are like those that could appear on state tests. Teachers and parents also may use related resources to help their students know what to expect. 
    • Student Practice Site
    • Student Practice Resources - Student Tutorials and Tools - These tutorials provide information about the online Student Testing Site. Part 1 walks through the student sign-in process and navigation. Part 2 covers the tools available to students.
    • Student Practice Resources – Science 
      Practice Test and Item Release Scoring Guides - These documents provide the answer keys and scoring guides for the Science Practice Tests and various Item Release Tests available on the Student Practice Site. They include the item type, the content strand and content statement assessed, an answer key (for some item types) and the number of points associated with each item. They also include the guidelines for scoring (i.e., scoring rubrics), sample responses and notes on scoring and rationales that describe why response options are correct or incorrect.

  • The Restart Readiness Assessments Portal contains a suite of optional assessment tools for students in grades 3 through high school that have been developed by the Ohio Department of Education in collaboration with Cambium Assessment, Inc. Comprised of two components, Benchmark Tests and Checkpoint Tests, the purpose of these assessments is to provide educators with actionable performance data using assessments that have been aligned with Ohio's Learning Standards and built using items from Ohio's State Tests.
    • Benchmark tests are full-length tests that mirror the content and test characteristics of Ohio’s State Tests in terms of length, test specifications, blueprints and tools available to students (such as the calculator). These benchmark tests will be machine-scored, allowing reporting in near real-time to give teachers rapid access to results. Mirroring Ohio’s State Tests also allows for reporting measures that are familiar to Ohio educators, such as performance levels. Results will be reported in a new, innovative reporting system, with additional tools to assist teachers in understanding and using the data. To aid teachers in connecting test results with instruction, the Department is providing resources specific to each benchmark test, including instructional strategies, content information and learning activities.
    • Checkpoint tests consist of six to 10 items and offer a range of opportunities to assess within each reporting category. Items offer varying levels of difficulty or complexity, as well as breadth of Ohio’s Learning Standards for the reporting category. To a large extent, these tests will be machine-scored. Raw scores (the number of items correct) will be provided in the new reporting system. As part of a balanced system of local informal and formative assessments, the checkpoint tests will provide useful information in gauging students’ knowledge and performance within each reporting category.
  • Data gathered by these readiness assessments will be available for analysis using the Centralized Reporting System, an online platform through which assessment data can be analyzed. Educators will be able to conduct an item level analysis at the district, classroom or student level; review individual student responses for every item on every test; compare performance across a wide variety of contexts and categories; and much more. Resources about the Centralized Reporting System, Readiness Assessments, how to access and view test data, FAQs, user guides and more can be found here.

Social Studies

  • Social Studies Student Readiness K-8 Gap Analysis and High School Courses Gap Analysis may be used to create a record of the learning opportunities students had during remote learning to help inform teachers where social studies knowledge and skills may differ from typical academic years.
  • The Social Studies Vertical Alignment Chart (K-8) document provides a broad view of how knowledge deepens over time in each topic area and can be used in a variety of ways. For an individual teacher the vertical alignment can provide a more detailed view into expected prior skills and knowledge than that provided in the standards and model curriculum documents.
  • Ohio's Learning Standards for Social Studies outline what students should know and be able to do in social studies to succeed in college, careers and for their role as engaged citizens. The standards provide critical social studies knowledge, are grade-level appropriate and reflect current research.
  • The Model Curriculum is a tool that provides educators with information that clarifies the learning standards and sets the foundation for planning and implementing instruction aligned to Ohio's Learning Standards for Social Studies. As educators begin to use this tool, it is important to understand how all the components work together to accomplish the goal of educating Ohio students.
  • Depth of Knowledge Resources for Social Studies - The depth of knowledge (DOK) level describes the level of understanding required to answer a question or perform an activity not whether the task is considered “difficult.” What mental processing, or cognitive rigor, must occur for a student to complete the task?
  • Additional Resources for Social Studies
  • ­­­­­­Sample Test Items and Practice Tests - Both sample items and practice tests allow students to view and answer test questions that are like those that could appear on state tests. Teachers and parents also may use related resources to help their students know what to expect. 
    • Student Practice Site
    • Student Practice Resources - Student Tutorials and Tools - These tutorials provide information about the online Student Testing Site. Part 1 walks through the student sign-in process and navigation. Part 2 covers the tools available to students.
    • Student Practice Resources – Social Studies
      Practice Test and Item Release Scoring Guides - These documents provide the answer keys and scoring guides for the Social Studies Practice Tests and various Item Release Tests available on the Student Practice Site. They include the item type, the content strand and content statement assessed, an answer key (for some item types) and the number of points associated with each item. They also include the guidelines for scoring (i.e., scoring rubrics), sample responses and notes on scoring and rationales that describe why response options are correct or incorrect.

  • The Restart Readiness Assessments Portal contains a suite of optional assessment tools for students in grades 3 through high school that have been developed by the Ohio Department of Education in collaboration with Cambium Assessment, Inc. Comprised of two components, Benchmark Tests and Checkpoint Tests, the purpose of these assessments is to provide educators with actionable performance data using assessments that have been aligned with Ohio's Learning Standards and built using items from Ohio's State Tests.
    • Benchmark tests are full-length tests that mirror the content and test characteristics of Ohio’s State Tests in terms of length, test specifications, blueprints and tools available to students (such as the calculator). These benchmark tests will be machine-scored, allowing reporting in near real-time to give teachers rapid access to results. Mirroring Ohio’s State Tests also allows for reporting measures that are familiar to Ohio educators, such as performance levels. Results will be reported in a new, innovative reporting system, with additional tools to assist teachers in understanding and using the data. To aid teachers in connecting test results with instruction, the Department is providing resources specific to each benchmark test, including instructional strategies, content information and learning activities.
    • Checkpoint tests consist of six to 10 items and offer a range of opportunities to assess within each reporting category. Items offer varying levels of difficulty or complexity, as well as breadth of Ohio’s Learning Standards for the reporting category. To a large extent, these tests will be machine-scored. Raw scores (the number of items correct) will be provided in the new reporting system. As part of a balanced system of local informal and formative assessments, the checkpoint tests will provide useful information in gauging students’ knowledge and performance within each reporting category.

Data gathered by these readiness assessments will be available for analysis using the Centralized Reporting System, an online platform through which assessment data can be analyzed. Educators will be able to conduct an item level analysis at the district, classroom or student level; review individual student responses for every item on every test; compare performance across a wide variety of contexts and categories; and much more. Resources about the Centralized Reporting System, Readiness Assessments, how to access and view test data, FAQs, user guides and more can be found here.


Assessment Literacy Tools

“Assessment Literacy is defined as the knowledge of means for assessing what students know and can do, how to interpret the results from these assessments, and how to apply these results to improve student learning and program effectiveness.”   ~ Norman Webb
Teachers understand and use varied assessments to inform instruction, evaluate and ensure student learning. Some fundamental assessment literacy tools that can be used to develop classroom assessments are given below.
  • Test Specifications - The Ohio Department of Education has released a set of test specification documents, including descriptions of the assessment components and item types, assessment blueprints, and item specifications, to help educators and the general public better understand the design of Ohio's State Tests. These documents are used to guide the development of the Ohio's State Tests.
  • Test Blueprints - Test blueprints serve as a guide for test construction and provide an outline of the content and skills to be measured on the test. They contain information about individual tests, including the number of test items, the number of points on the test, and show how the learning standards are grouped in order to report the test results. All learning standards identified on the blueprint are eligible to appear on a test form and should be taught during instruction.

Last Modified: 7/26/2021 9:41:23 AM