Child Sexual Abuse, Dating Violence and Sexual Violence Prevention

Requirements for Ohio Schools 

Ohio’s 134th General Assembly enacted Senate Bill 288 which includes updated requirements for schools and districts related to child sexual abuse prevention, dating violence prevention and sexual violence prevention. The legislation includes student instructional requirements, parent and legal guardian notification requirements and school personnel training requirements. 

This webpage outlines the legislative requirements and provides curricula, instructional supports and resources to assist school districts in meeting these requirements. 


Click a topic below to go directly to that section: 


Health Education Requirements 

Ohio law requires traditional public schools, community schools and STEM schools to provide developmentally appropriate instruction in child sexual abuse prevention, dating violence prevention and sexual violence prevention. 

CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE PREVENTION 

Beginning in the 2023-2024 school year, traditional public schools, community schools and STEM schools are required to provide developmentally appropriate instruction in child sexual abuse prevention to students in grades kindergarten through six. Instruction is to occur annually and include information on available counseling and resources for children who are sexually abused. Instruction and information provided cannot be connected in any way to any individual, entity, or organization that provides, promotes, counsels or makes referrals for abortion or abortion-related services.  

  • Child sexual abuse prevention is to occur annually for students in grades K through 6. If health education is not offered annually for each grade, the instruction may be provided in another subject.  

  • The provider of the child abuse prevention instruction will depend on the curriculum that the school selected. Some curricula are developed in a manner that allow teachers to deliver the content to students. Other curricula may require a certified or trained facilitator to deliver a specific program. Schools should contact the curriculum or program developer with questions. 

Upon written request of the student's parent or guardian, a student shall be excused from taking instruction in child sexual abuse prevention. 

DATING VIOLENCE PREVENTION EDUCATION AND SEXUAL VIOLENCE PREVENTION EDUCATION 

Beginning in the 2023-2024 school year, traditional public schools, community schools and STEM schools are required to provide developmentally appropriate instruction in dating violence prevention education and sexual violence prevention education to students in grades seven through twelve. Instruction must include recognizing dating violence warning signs and characteristics of healthy relationships. Instruction and information cannot be connected in any way to any individual, entity, or organization that provides, promotes, counsels or makes referrals for abortion or abortion elated services. 

Upon written request of the student's parent or guardian, a student shall be excused from taking instruction in sexual violence prevention. 

PARENT AND LEGAL GUARDIAN NOTIFICATION  

Each school district must notify the parents and legal guardians of students who receive instruction related to child sexual abuse prevention and sexual violence prevention. The notification must include the following information: 

  • Instruction in child sexual abuse prevention and sexual violence prevention is a required part of the district's curriculum; 

  • Upon request, parents and legal guardians may examine instructional materials (as described below); 

  • Upon written request of the student's parent or guardian, a student can be excused from taking instruction in child sexual abuse prevention and sexual violence prevention. 

If the parent or legal guardian of a student less than eighteen years of age submits to the principal of the student's school a written request to examine the dating violence prevention and sexual violence prevention instruction materials used at that school, the principal, within forty-eight hours after the request is made, shall allow the parent or guardian to examine those materials at that school. 

In-Service Requirements 

Ohio law requires the board of education of each city and exempted village school district and the governing board of each educational service center to develop, adapt or adopt in-service training curriculum to educate school personnel on a variety of topics. In-service training must incorporate content on child sexual abuse. Law enforcement officers or prosecutors who have experience in handling cases involving child sexual abuse or child sexual violence must present the training.  

  • Ohio law states that each person employed by any school district or service center to work in a school as a nurse, teacher, counselor, school psychologist or administrator must complete in-service training on child sexual abuse.  

  • According to Ohio law, in-service training on child sexual abuse must be provided by a law enforcement officer or prosecutor with experience in handling cases involving child sexual abuse or child sexual violence.  

  • As defined by Ohio Law, an SRO is a law enforcement officer. To meet the legislative requirements, the SRO must have experience in handling cases involving child sexual abuse or child sexual violence for them to present the in-service training. 

  • In-service training on child sexual abuse may be provided in an online format or with online modules so long as the training is provided by law enforcement officers or prosecutors with experience handling cases involving child sexual abuse or child sexual violence.

Last Modified: 6/7/2023 7:50:31 AM