Enrolling and Supporting Displaced and Newcomer Students
Ohio welcomes newcomer students and families displaced by conflict, environmental disasters and other extraordinary circumstances every day. This guidance can serve as a resource when engaging and supporting the whole child needs of displaced and newcomer students.
Ensure Immediate Enrollment and Language Assistance
To best support displaced newcomer students, schools and districts immediately enroll students and provide language assistance at registration.
Flexibility in enrollment requirements. Displaced newcomer students are likely protected as students experiencing homelessness and/or unaccompanied children due to displacement. The district or schools’ homeless liaison should determine eligibility based upon the McKinney-Vento Act definition. Homeless children and youth are defined as “individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence.” This includes students who are sharing housing of other persons due to the loss of housing, economic hardship or a similar reason. The McKinney-Vento Act allows students in temporary living situations to immediately enroll in schools in the districts where they are temporarily living. Immediate enrollment should occur even if the student’s records and transcripts are delayed or incomplete or they missed the deadline for registration. For more information, visit Students Experiencing Homelessness.
Information available to enroll. Schools and districts should not ask about citizenship or immigration status or require state-issued identification to enroll students. For more information, visit the U.S. Department of Justice and U.S. Department of Education’s Information on the Rights of Unaccompanied Children to Enroll in School and Participate Meaningfully and Equally in Educational Programs.
- Translation at registration. Offering registration materials and clearly posting instructions to access interpretation services in languages other than English will help non-English speaking families navigate the registration process.
- Language Usage Survey. As part of welcoming all new students and their families at the time of enrollment, federal law requires that schools and districts to identify English learners within 30 days of the student’s enrollment. At enrollment, schools and districts can administer Ohio’s Language Usage Survey to begin this process. Once the preferred language for the family is identified, communication should take place in that language. By collaborating with parents and families, schools can support the identification and instruction of potential multi-lingual learners. Access the Guidelines for Identifying English Learners webpage for more information.
Welcoming Displaced Newcomer Students and Providing Supports
The needs of a displaced, newcomer student may include other support services available at school. Supporting and encouraging the whole student, academically and non-academically, can bolster displaced and newcomer student’s acclimation to high-quality education.
Access to nutrition services. Students identified as experiencing homelessness automatically qualify to receive free school meals. Eligibility for free or reduced-price lunch can be determined through a variety of methods including the electronic direct certification process or completion by a parent or guardian of a free and reduced-price lunch application. A student with an approved application on file for a free or reduced cost lunch is qualified to be reported to the Department as economically disadvantaged. Access the Ohio Department of Education Food and Nutrition website for more information.
Title I eligibility and supports. Youth experiencing homelessness, youth in foster care, migratory children and economically disadvantaged children are entitled to Title I services and supports in addition to immediate enrollment. Districts can use Title I Part A set-aside funds for services not ordinarily provided by Title I, including school supplies, school clothing, eyeglasses, fees associated with getting a birth certificate, and counseling to address issues, including those related to exposure to traumatic events that affect learning. Districts also may use set-aside funds to cover a liaison for students experiencing homelessness and excess costs related to transportation needs.
Wellness considerations. In most cases, students’ lives change greatly when they relocate to Ohio. This can have significant social and emotional effects on children. Districts and community schools need to be sensitive to the trauma students may be experiencing. Schools enrolling students in need of social and emotional support may find these resources helpful:
Family engagement. English learner and immigrant families are important partners in education. Local schools and districts should take into consideration additional supports for newcomer students and families such as communicating through mediums that best meet the needs of families, connecting to community resources and wrap-around supports, and incorporating family voice and culture into decisions and programming. For resources related to family engagement, visit the Ohio Statewide Family Engagement Center.
Community engagement. Districts can reach out to faith-based organizations, local job and family services agencies, housing agencies and other community partners to be prepared to promptly connect families to services. Many regions have community partners that provide specific support to displaced, newcomer families. Access the Ohio Department of Job and Family Services website for more information.
Housing technical Support. Newcomer families can find support and resources through the Ohio Department of Job and Family Services Ohio Refugee Service Program. Regional support is available through organizations such as Global Cleveland, Community Refugee and Immigration Services, and Cincinnati Compass. Districts can reach out to the Coalition on Homelessness and Housing in Ohio at email@example.com to obtain local county specific housing supports.
Placement Considerations and Requirements
A displaced and newcomer student’s prior academic experiences may impact educational delivery methods, grade level placement and supports.
Grade Level Placement. Districts are to follow local policies for determining grade level placement of incoming students. This could include obtaining, interpreting and reviewing existing formal transcripts. Home-schooled or students otherwise placed in alternative educational settings can receive age-appropriate grade placement. Students with incomplete records can be assessed for skills using alternative methods. In cases where additional information is needed, diagnostic or placement testing can be delivered and interpreted by a trained specialist. Districts and schools should seek out information from the student’s previous school and family about prior experience in school including grade level and content covered. If a student is older than the district’s highest age of enrollment and has completed a secondary education program, they can receive services through Aspire and other programs that serve adults, such as community colleges. Access the Ohio Higher Education website for information about Aspire and other relevant programs.
State scholarship programs (EdChoice, EdChoice Expansion, Cleveland, Jon Peterson, and Autism Scholarships) are available to all students residing in Ohio, including displaced and newcomer students. Students must meet the eligibility criteria for the respective scholarship program to which they wish to apply. Eligibility information and instructions on how to apply (click on the link for the desired scholarship) can be accessed on the Scholarships website. The chartered nonpublic school chosen by the parent/guardian/custodian submits the scholarship application for the student through the secure online scholarship application system. To learn more about state scholarship programs, visit Scholarships or call the Nonpublic Educational Options office at (614) 728-2743 for assistance.
Graduation Requirements for Newcomer Students
To earn a high school diploma in Ohio, students must satisfy the state minimum curriculum requirements
, and any additional local requirements, plus satisfy the requirements of the pathways to graduation.
- Ohio’s Graduation Requirements: Each student in the class of 2023 and beyond must complete requirements in three areas to qualify for a diploma. Students must:
1. Earn the required credits (statewide minimum of 20),
2. Demonstrate Competency, and
3. Demonstrate Readiness by earning two diploma seals (of which one must be
a state-defined seal).
- Students Transferring into Public and Chartered Nonpublic Schools. Students transferring into Ohio public and chartered nonpublic schools from another state or country are required to take both the Algebra I and English Language Arts II end-of-course tests, or an approved Alternative Assessment, to demonstrate competency. Students must also take Ohio end-of-course tests for any courses with an aligned end-of-course test that they take while they are public school students in Ohio. Students who have earned remediation-free scores on the ACT or SAT and are transferring into a chartered nonpublic school are not required to take the Algebra I and ELA II end-of-course tests. Access Ohio's Graduation Requirements for more information.
- Required Credits. Awarding of credit to students transferring into an Ohio high school is up to the receiving school or district. Determinations of whether to award credit for work completed at a previous educational experience can be made toward the student’s required credits for graduation.
- Demonstration of Competency. Students who transfer into Ohio public and chartered nonpublic schools in grade 12 and fail to attain a competency score in the Algebra I or English Language Arts II end-of-course tests after their first attempt are exempt from having to retake these tests prior to using alternative demonstration to meet demonstration of competency.
- Demonstration of Readiness. Transfer students must earn at least two diploma seals, one of which must be a state-defined seal. State law specifically identifies flexibility for transfer students for the Science, Citizenship and Technology seals. Other seals do not have specific flexibilities, but schools and districts can make considerations when these students transfer to Ohio high schools. Access the Ohio's Graduation Requirements for more information.
Contact the Office of Graduate Success at firstname.lastname@example.org
for more assistance.
Considerations for Newcomer Students Participating in State Tests
Ohio public schools administer the state assessments assigned to each student’s enrolled grade level, regardless of the student’s time in Ohio public schools. For newcomer students identified as English learners and/or who have disabilities, multiple supports and accommodations can be put in place to help students meaningfully engage with and access state assessments so that students can demonstrate their knowledge in each of the content areas. The Department also provides sample test items and practice tests for all tested subjects and grade levels. For more information, visit the resources below or contact the Office of Assessment at email@example.com or (614) 466-1317.
- Assessment Accommodations. Ohio's Accessibility Manual lists accommodations and supports available to English learners and students with disabilities participating in state tests.
- Sample Test Items and Practice Tests. Both sample items and practice tests allow students to view and answer test questions that are like those that could appear on state tests. Teachers and parents also may use related resources to help their students know what to expect.
Identification and Placement into English Learner Programs
Schools must identify students who are English learners within 30 days of the student's enrollment. Schools identify migrant students in accordance with federal law. Ohio defines enrollment as the date on which the school has both received documentation of enrollment and the student has commenced participation in learning opportunities. As a part of welcoming new students and their families, schools administer Ohio’s Language Usage Survey upon enrollment. After identifying potential English learners with the language usage survey, schools assess students’ English language proficiency using the Ohio English Language Proficiency Screener (OELPS). The OELPS is the state-provided, standardized tool for determining whether students qualify as English learners eligible to participate in the school’s language instruction educational program. The Department provides Guidelines for the Identification for English Learners to support schools in this process. Access the English Learner webpage for more information.
- Migrant Student Information and Resources. Some displaced newcomer students also identify as migrant students. The Ohio Migrant Education Center is responsible for the identification of all migrant children who enter the state and is the only entity authorized to make the final eligibility determination for the Title I, Part C Migrant Education Program. For more information, visit the Migrant Education webpage.
Identification and Supports for Gifted Students
Ohio defines a student who is gifted
as one who “performs or shows potential for performing at remarkably high levels of accomplishment when compared to others of their age, experience, or environment”. The Department maintains a list of assessments approved for gifted pre-screening and identification. Screening and identification of gifted students applies to districts, not community schools or chartered nonpublic schools. Access the Gifted Screening and Identification
webpage for more information.
Identification and Supports for Students with Disabilities
The Office for Exceptional Children provides guidance for implementation of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (2004), in regard to identification of students with disabilities and instruction for English learners who do not make expected academic progress in school and who may benefit from specially designed instruction or individualized intensive intervention services. Families are essential partners with teachers in supporting their child’s educational progress. A resource guide
is available to help navigate the educational process for students with disabilities. English learners with disabilities and their families can use this resource to obtain more information about the special education process, including early childhood and preschool education. Additional parent resources may be found under resources on the Office for Exceptional Children
Federal Guidance and Resources
Last Modified: 12/7/2022 3:47:52 PM