Transportation Supports for Students Experiencing Homelessness
Transportation is a key component of educational stability for students experiencing homelessness. Districts and schools ensure that each child is challenged, prepared, and empowered by providing transportation solutions to students. Transportation to and from school can create stress and additional barriers to education for students and families experiencing homelessness. Districts and schools can ensure that each child is challenged, prepared, and empowered by providing transportation solutions to students. Transportation is a key component of educational stability.
Engagement and Attendance
Developing Effective Transportation Policies and Procedures. The local liaison, transportation director and other district or school administrators positively impact engagement and attendance for students experiencing homelessness with effective transportation policies and procedures. Establishing ongoing communication and clearly assigned responsibilities increase efficient and timely transportation.
Identification of Students Experiencing Homelessness and Available Transportation Services. Staff involved in student transportation, including bus drivers, may review the McKinney-Vento Act (Title IX p. 324) and how to identify students experiencing homelessness. The local liaison can assist the parent or guardian of a homeless child or youth and any unaccompanied youth in knowing what transportation options are available to the identified student. the parent or guardian of a homeless child or youth and any unaccompanied youth know about transportation services and options available to the identified student.
Enrolling Students Experiencing Homelessness in Preschool. Students enrolled in preschool when they become homeless can remain enrolled and continue receiving McKinney-Vento Services, including transportation. Preschools that do not typically provide transportation services can provide transportation for their students experiencing homelessness.
A student experiencing homelessness could attend the school of origin but live in another school district. Per the McKinney-Vento Act, if the districts are unable to agree on a method to transport the student, each district will be responsible for 50 percent of the transportation costs.
Funds reserved for students experiencing homelessness under Title I, Part A (set-aside funds) may be used to provide services that other students ordinarily do not receive. This includes transportation to and from the school of origin. The local liaison can coordinate with the Title I director to assess the needs of the students experiencing homelessness. Together, they can determine how to meet transportation needs using the Title I, Part A set-aside for students experiencing homelessness. Access Department’s Students Experiencing Homelessness website for more information.
The mode of transportation provided by the district can increase a student experiencing homelessness access to education and extracurricular activities. McKinney-Vento ensures transportation to school and extracurricular activities.
The transportation chosen considers the age, ability and needs of the student and family.
Transportation types include:
- Public transportation;
- Gas cards: Some parents may have working automobiles. Districts may provide a gas card or use a voucher system so that parents can drive their children to and from school. Districts create a system to account for attendance and miles traveled to and from school with the student;
- Taxis; and
- Special education buses.
If homeless students can drive cars or use taxis, the local liaison may consult with the school district transportation director about liability and requirements for background checks for the drivers.
When there is a transportation dispute, the student should have transportation to and from the school until there is a resolution. The state homeless education coordinator and the state director of transportation are available to provide assistance to students and families experiencing homelessness.
A family may find permanent housing during the school year. In this case, the student still is eligible for transportation services to and from the school he or she is attending for the remainder of the school year.
Last Modified: 11/23/2022 2:11:19 PM